Bobby Fischer was born in 1943 and died in January of 2008, he was 65 years old.
Bobby was undeniably one of the greatest chess players in the world, his strategys have never been fully understood and he is definitely in the top five most offensive competitors in modern history. Often he would brush the squares on a board in an attempt to get rid of imaginary dust if an opponent, he insulted the countries he went to refering to them as "Inadequate" for not having bowling alleys. Also he was the first American to ever win the World Champion in chess.
He was raised by his single mother, along with his sister. At age six he learned to play chess, a year later he began playing chess seriously by reading books, and joining a chess club. By the time he was 12 he was the youngest National Master at that time. At 14 he was the youngest US champion ever a record still yet to be broken, with this he became an International Master. A year later at 15 years and six months old he became a Grandmaster.
In 1970 Fischer made the decision to actively seek the World Champion title. He recieved his chance in 1972 after having the second longest winning streak in history against the best players in the world.
In 1972 he was awarded a chance to play against Boris Spassky, after a series of venue changes they settled on Iceland, at which point Fischer refused to play unless the prive fund was doubled to an even 250,000 in U.S. currency. After 19 games Fischer became the first American to be World Champion. Between the 19 games they played, Fischer won 7 and drew 11 losing only 1. This became known as the "Match of The Century" due to the timing of the Cold War and the obvious media blitz which followed an American dethroning the Russians.
Also in 1972 the church he belonged too the WorldWide Church Of God was shaken with a series of scandels including their prophecies not coming true, and a series of sex scandals invovling the founder. All this happened after Fischer tithed 62,000 dollars. Feeling betrayed he left the church and began openly denouncing them.
For the next three years Fischer never defended his title. That year he was forced to surrender his title, after not agreeing to the terms set forth by the FIDE Congress. Fischer then went into seclusion.
Briefly in 1977 Fischer emerged to play 3 games in Cambridge winning all three.
In 1981 he played against a Canadian Grandmaster in a series of 5 minute games in San Francisco winning them all.
1992 a match was arranged between Fischer and Spassky in Yugoslavia which had an embargo on it. The purse was set at 5 million with two thirds going to the winner. Fischer wanted the match billed as The World Championship claiming he only surrundered his FIDE title, not the World Champion one. After being warned that his involvment in the match and violating the sanctions on Yugoslavia the department of the Treasury issued a warning to Fischer saying that his participation was illegal. In front of an international press conference Fischer took his warning the government sent him and spat on it. His arrest warrant was promptly issued and Fischer never returned to the United States again. His warrant followed him for the rest of his life.
Between 2000 and 2002 Fischer lived in the Phillipines got married to a local and had a daughter. He participated in radio interviews and often would speak about Zionist conspiracies. Particularly on Sept 11, 2001 Fischer said "What goes around comes around even for the United States" and went on to say that "He must be destroyed" in reference to George W. Bush.
In 2003 Fischer traveled to Japan where his passport expired. He was held there while the government was planning to deport him back to America to face trial. A commitee was formed to free Bobby. Fischer tried renouncing his citizenship but was denied by Japans Justice Minister, and ordered to be deported.
In 2005 prior to his being deported Fischer wrote a letter to Iceland pleading for citizenship and asylum. Sympathetic to his situation it was granted.
Just before leaving for Iceland, he was interviewed stating that he would appeal to the United States supreme court, but not as long as President Bush was in power. Calling him a criminal and Japan a puppet.
Fischer died January 17 2008, in Iceland. His estate at that time was valued at roughly 2,000,000 US. It would have been more but due to the warrant set for him he couldn't renew the patents on his chess clock. A clock which is the standard for all competitve chess tournements.
Fischer also developed his own form of chess which involved randomly placing the back row of pieces. This made it impossible for players to do the exact moves over and over again, each game would be different.
He had a 72% win percentage. Winning 441 losing 89 and drawing 251.
It is, sadly, altogether too easy, in fact effortless, to find legions of people, not just chess players, who have every reason to say, and have (and please believe me that I do not do this out of spite or rancor) from the earliest days of Fischer's career to this very day, he has been labeled: brash, arrogant, selfish, self-centered, boorish, loutish, cruel, unreasonable, difficult, impossible, inconsiderate, ungrateful, petty, petulant, sulking, crass, insensitive, irrational, contentious, argumentative, aggravating, insulting, crazy, wicked, and mad. I would tend to agree. -- Paul Kollar
Fischer is a law unto himself. -- Larry Evans
By this measure, I consider him the greatest world champion. -- Garry Kasparov
Well, I'm not sure I know what you mean by a prima donna, but if something doesn't interest me or if someone bores me, or if I think they're a phony, I just don't bother with them, that's all." -- Bobby Fischer