The Miracle of The Quran.part2The Darkness and the Light
The scientific implications of this gracious verse:
First: The creation of the heavens and the earth is one of the greatest evidences on the absolute divine creativeness:
In the beginning of the twentieth century, scientists made sure that the universe is expanding.The matter that led to the correct deduction that our universe was created from a minute point with a huge amount of matter and energy.This point exploded and turned into a cosmic cloud of dust and smoke from which the earth and the heavens were created.With the expansion of the universe, it cooled down from billions of degrees to three measurable absolute levels that can be measured today across the observed universe.
Matter and antimatter and other forms of energy were formed in different stages, determined by scientists in the following points:
1. The age of quarks and gluons: This period lasted after a part of a hundred thousand millions of a second after the big bang. In this period, the primary particles of matter were created with its anti-particles from the cosmic dust. This includes the quarks and anti-quarks, neutrinos and anti-neutrinos.The cosmic dust was dense and dark while gravity was a separate force binding the parts of this cosmic dust together.The strong nuclear force was then separated from the weaker electromagnetic force.It is believed that the number of particles in this dust was more than the number of anti-particles or else there would be no universe.Another possibility is that a higher power separated the particles from the anti-particles so that the heavens and the earth would be established by Allahs Command.This period was a period of astounding expansion of the universe.
The lepton age:It continued for a part of a million parts of a second after the big bang.In this period, the leptons, the lightest elementary particles for matter such as electrons, neutrinos and anti-neutrinos, were clearly distinguished from the quarks.Similarly, bosons were distinguished and the weak force was separated from the force unity known by the weak electric force.
3.The nucleons and the anti-nucleons age: This period lasted up to 225 seconds after the Big Bang. Meanwhile, quarks united together to form the nucleons and their anti-nucleons like the protons and neutrons and their antiparticles.The energy was weak enough at this point so it did not permit the formation of the nucleons and their anti-nucleons on a wide range or else there would be no universe.
4.The formation of the nucleate of elements age: This period was between 225 seconds and one thousand seconds after the Big Bang.In this period, stable deuterons were formed each by the combination of a proton with a neutron. Through their formation, nuclear fusion started to form hydrogen atoms' nucleate.By their unity, the nucleate of helium atoms as well as some of the nucleate of other heavier atoms were formed until the percentage of hydrogen reached 74%, helium 24% and nucleate of other heavier elements reached 1%.
5.Ions formation age: This period started from one thousand seconds to ten trillion seconds after the Big Bang.Meantime, the hydrogen and helium ions were formed and the universe continued its expansion and continued to cool down.
6.The atom formation age: It extends through the period starting from ten trillion seconds to one thousand trillion seconds after the Big Bang.At that time, the atoms of various elements were formed and bonded by the gravitational force. Then the universe became transparent.
7. The age of the formation of stars and galaxies: It extends from one thousand trillion of a second after the Big Bang (about 32 million years of our current years) up to this day i.e. about 10 milliards of years. In this period, most elements known to us were formed (which are more than 105 elements) by the process known as nuclear fusion, happened inside stars until the element known as iron was formed in the nebula and the great nebula. Elements of higher atomic weight than the iron atoms nucleate were formed by catching the elementary particles that were spread all over the heavens.
Qur'an preceded this scientific knowledge with 14 centuries, as Allah (SWT) says, "Have not those who disbelieve known that the heavens and the earth were joined together as one united piece, then We parted them? And We have made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?" (Surah Al-Anbiyâ' (The Prophets):30).
He (SWT) says also,"Then He rose over (Istawâ) towards the heaven when it was smoke, and said to it and to the earth: Come both of you willingly or unwillingly. They both said: We come willingly."(SuratFussilat (They are explained in detail):11).
He (SWT) further says,"With power did We c